Findings

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Findings

POOR SANITATION COST
THE WORLD
US$222.9 BILLION
IN 2015

Lack of access to sanitation cost the global economy US$222.9 billion in 2015, up from US$182.5 billion in 2010, a rise of over US$40 billion in just five years. This figure constitutes an average 0.9% of gross domestic product (GDP) of the countries impacted by poor sanitation, which is a modest decline from 1% of GDP five years ago.

ASIA PACIFIC CARRIES THE HEAVIEST BURDEN
OF POOR SANITATION

Regionally, in terms of total US$ value, the economic burden of poor sanitation is heaviest in Asia Pacific, which is accountable for a cost of US$172.3 billion, over 3/4 of the total amount.

Latin America and the Caribbean, and Africa account for approximately 10% of the global cost each, with costs in Latin America and the Caribbean being US$22.2 billion and US$19.3 billion in Africa. Combined, Eastern Europe, the formerly Soviet states and the Middle East account for the remaining US$9 billion of the global cost of poor sanitation.

ASIA PACIFIC CARRIES THE HEAVIEST BURDEN OF POOR SANITATION
GLOBAL RANKING: Top 10
COUNTRY COST (US$ millions)
India 106,700
China 35,900
Brazil 10,600
Pakistan 7,900
Indonesia 7,400
Mexico 5,800
Bangladesh 5,300
Nigeria 3,800
Turkey 2,500
Thailand 2,300
GLOBAL RANKING: Top 10
COUNTRY COST (Share of GDP)
India 5.2%
Lao PDR 3.2%
Pakistan 3.0%
Niger 2.7%
Sudan 2.6%
Bangladesh 2.4%
Eritrea 2.3%
Haiti 1.7%
Senegal 1.7%
Central African Republic 1.7%

In terms of losses to regional GDP, Asia Pacific suffers the greatest losses at 1.1% of GDP. The impact on African GDP caused by poor sanitation is a loss of 0.9%, in Latin America and the Caribbean it is 0.6% of GDP and 0.4% in Eastern Europe, the formerly Soviet states and the Middle East.

On a national level, in terms of total cost, India suffers by far the most, with US$106.7 billion wiped off GDP in 2015, almost half of the total global losses, and 5.2% of the nation's GDP. While India comes out top with huge losses in both total US$ economic losses and as a % of GDP, the rankings of countries by GDP and total US$ diverge significantly due to the relative size of national economies, as shown by the tables on the facing page.

MORE THAN
¾ OF COSTS
OCCUR IN
ASIA PACIFIC

Costs are high in the Asia Pacific region as this is by far the most populous region.

Latin America and Africa account for a further 10 percent.


COST AS PERCENTAGE
OF GDP VS GDP PER HEAD

The research found that cost as a share of GDP declines with income, but that the relationships far from uniform.

India was found to be a clear outlier, where cost as a share of GDP was significantly higher than other countries covered in the study.

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